There are numerous factors which contribute towards our process of ageing. These include intrinsic factors like our genetics and extrinsic factors such as our surrounding environment and our way of living. With the passage of time, the effects of ageing starts becoming prominent in the form of facial volume loss, lines, wrinkles and loss of natural glow and density. As a result of facial volume loss, the shape and structure of the face is altered. It contributes towards the sagging skin, loss of facial contours and a ‘drawn’ profile.
The Inverted triangle of Youth
The highlighting features of a youthful facial appearance are high cheek bones with smooth and lean skin and a contoured jawline. It is also referred to as ‘triangle of youth’ which is wider from the top and become narrow at the bottom. With ageing, this triangle of youth becomes inverted with a loose, sagging facial skin and jawline and flatter cheeks. The corners of the mouth turn downwards, giving a heavier and somewhat sad or stressed appearance to the face with deep wrinkles and lines.
These changes are caused due to the progressive decrease in the production of plumping and filling matter within the skin that is responsible for giving a firm, plump and smooth look to the skin. The production of hyaluronic acid within the skin decreases, the skin starts to appear rough and dry and wrinkles and fine lines appear. The production of collagen and elastin inside the skin also decline, causing sagging skin with loss of elasticity. The flow of blood to the skin become restricted which gives rise to a colourless and dehydrated profile that lack youthful glow and density.
Factors Contributing to Facial Volume Loss
- Genetic factors
- Hormonal changes: as we age, the levels of oestrogen decline causing thin and dry skin.
- Exposure to sun
- Smoking: the nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes cause degradation of collagen within the skin.