Thread veins are minute veins or capillaries that become visible under the skin. They usually appear under the skin of cheeks, nose and legs.
These tiny veins are red in colour but somewhat larger veins appear to be purplish. They are referred to with different names such as ‘spider veins’, ‘broken veins’ or ‘capillaries’. In normal conditions, these tiny veins are invisible in the skin but in some individuals they permanently dilate and start showing off through the skin. The medical term used for this specific condition is called ‘telangiectasia’.
Most of the facial thread veins which appear on the face are harmless but they may create uncomfortable feelings among people about their looks and appearance.
Types of Facial Thread Veins
There are three main types of facial thread veins;
- Blood Spots
- Red Thread Veins
- Spider Veins
These facial thread veins can either appear to form a fine web of thread veins or as red spots having veins on them. Generally, these broken veins appear around the nose or on the cheeks. The patient effecting from these veins seem to be blushing and these veins show in red, purple or blue colours.
Causes of Facial Thread Veins
There are different causes of facial thread veins that include the following;
- These veins can be caused by the excessive sun exposure over the course of life.
- Too much exposure to extreme temperatures and windy weather can also cause facial thread veins.
- They may also be caused due to genetics as well as due to hormonal changes as during pregnancy or oestrogen treatment.
- Ageing can cause the appearance of facial thread veins because with increasing age veins lose their elasticity as collagen production decreases resulting in their permanent dilation.
- Another common cause of Facial thread veins, especially in the fair skinned community like in UK, is a condition known as Rosacea. In UK, almost every 1 women in 10 suffers from this condition which is further aggravated by excessive alcohol intake and smoking.
Who develop facial thread veins?
As we age, majority of people develop facial thread veins especially women. Almost every 1 in 5 women in their 20s develop thread veins. This figure increase to about half by 40s and with ageing continue to increase.
The difference between facial thread veins and the thread veins in the legs
The veins in the face are extremely sensitive as compared to the veins in the legs. Face is more directly exposed to the daily environmental changes like sun exposure, wind etc. These veins can also be triggered as a result of the extremity in the external temperatures.