One of the most common and chronic skin conditions is Acne. It leads to the formation of spots, lesions and oily skin. The primary targets of this disease are face, shoulders, chest and back.
Acne is mainly caused when the hair follicles and pores are clogged with oil, dust, and dead skin cells. This results in the appearance of black heads and white heads which are often filled with pus, are deep and inflamed. It leads to the formation of bumps, uneven skin and pimples which slowly heal but as one goes away others crop up. It often form cysts and leave scars on the skin.
Acne is most often associated with adolescents and teenagers but it is not an age-specific disease and can start at any stage in life. The term used for the common acne is Acne Vulgaris.
Causes of Acne
Acne is an extremely distressing and emotionally disturbing problem especially in adolescents.
There are numerous causes of acne which are not essentially associated with bad hygienic habits or related to poor diet. Acne can be a genetically inherited disease.
In both men and women, the cause of acne can be a stimulation of hormones like testerone which is likely to increase the production of sebum from the sebaceous glands that exist in the tiny hair follicles. This makes skin oily and greasy leading towards the formation of pores and spots. The skin pores might get clogged due to dust or other factors which cause infection and inflammation in pores which results in formation of red, swollen bump filled with pus.
Hormonal imbalance in women:
It is not always caused by high levels of testerone. In women, changing menstrual cycles and pregnancy can also cause imbalance in hormones leading to acne.
There are some studies which indicate that certain form of diets can also contribute towards the spread of acne such as carbohydrates rich and greasy foods.
It can worsen the existing acne.
Other causes of acne:
Some other causes which trigger acne can be;
- Use of certain cosmetic products
- Use of certain medications and drugs
Possible Symptoms of Acne
Not just the appearance of pimples is the sign of acne. There are several other symptoms and signs which indicate the appearance of acne like:
- Pimple ( pustules filled with pus)
- Nodules (large, painful and solid lumps formed underneath the skin surface)
- Cystic lesions
- Redness and inflammation in the skin eruptions
- Skin bumps crusting
Common Areas of Acne Development
The common areas where acne often develops are;
- Face – it is present in almost every acne patient.
- Back- it affects almost 50% of the acne patients.
Chest- it is experienced by 1 in every 6 acne patients.
What are the different types of acne?
Acne is categorised into two different types;
The causes of this type of acne are swelling, redness and inflammation alongwith formation of microcomedones, milia , blackheads, papules and pustules. Cysts and nodules might also appear. The intensity of this type of acne varies. Its most severe form is cystic acne.
Microcomedone, milia, blackheads, and skin bumpiness are a part of this type of acne. It does not cause redness and inflammation but if left untreated it can lead to flamed acne.
Conditions Related to Acne- Pigmentation and Scarring
There might be a sort of pigmentation, skin discolouration and scarring in acne patients on the skin. Other conditions related to it might include appearance of red spots and discolouration after healing which persists.
CosmeDocs Acne Treatment Services
The earlier you seek acne treatment, the better. It’s not advisable that you leave the acne untreated for long period of time. The skin therapists at CosmeDocs offer a strong and individually designed medical acne treatment regimen which is based on the specifications of individual’s skin type.
We prescribe an acne treatment which is based on the requirements of individual conditions and types of acne. We offer following acne treatment options at CosmeDocs to control and heal acne;
CosmeDocs Skin Peels for Acne Treatment
CosmeDocs has a team of expert and experienced skin therapists who have complete knowledge, experience and are trained to administer the skin peels for acne treatment in accordance with the type of skin and acne. They tailor acne treatment with skin peels according to the stage of acne and severity of the condition which gives outstanding results. We have a bespoke set of salicylic acid peels by Harley Street Formulations combined with multiple pigment lighteners which dramatically improve acne & clear residues left by acne.
- Comedo extractions: these acne treatment peels comprise of gentle coaxing plugs of sebum and cellular debris from the pore. This removes the blackheads, milia and softly closed comedones which cause a decrease in the number of acne breakouts.
- Light chemical peels: these acne treatment peels does not peel of the skin instead they gently exfoliate the skin by making use of alpha-hydroxy, beta-hydroxy (salicylic), glycolic acids or TCAs. This acne treatment cures acne by removing the dead skin cells and cleaning the skin pores from dirt.
- Glycolic Peels: this acne treatment works by reducing the comedones, by restoring the outflow from the follicles tip and by removing the anaerobic content which stops the reproduction of acne.
- Lactic Acid, Salicyclic Acid & & Resourcinol / Jessner's Peel & Harley Street Formulations Peel: this acne treatment is formed by the combination of medium depth skin peels which give more effective results as compared to separate salicyclic or glycolic acid peels.
CosmeDocs Skin Peels for Acne TreatmentCosmeDocs has a team of expert and experienced skin therapists who have complete knowledge, experience and are trained to administer the skin peels for acne treatment in accordance with the type of skin and acne. They tailor acne treatment with skin peels according to the stage of acne and severity of the condition which gives outstanding results. We have a bespoke set of salicylic acid peels by Harley Street Formulations combined with multiple pigment lighteners which dramatically improve acne & clear residues left by acne.
Microdermabrasion for acne treatment involves the use of a special device which emits super-fine crystals on the surface of the skin which removes the dead skin cells. It is most suitable acne treatment for patients having non-inflamed acne.
This acne treatment kills the bacteria which cause acne, reduce skin inflammation and shrink the sebaceous glands. The acne treatment options available for photo therapy include red light, blue light and photodynamic therapy.
These acne treatment injections are used for the treatment of cysts which reduce inflammation, the possibility of scarring and they speed up the healing process of lesions. – We do not perform this treatment at CosmeDocs as largely other methods have superseded this method.
Fractora & eDermastamp Treatment
Fractora & eDerma stamp are the most advanced and latest treatments which improve the scarring left by acne.
Fractora is the highly advanced Radio Frequency Treatment which helps in improving the skin tone and its texture. It helps in significantly reducing acne scars which discolours the skin. It gives a more radiant and rejuvenated skin through ablation and resurfacing of skin. Fractora is combined with eDermastamp to give brilliant results by significantly improving acne scarring and pigmentation and improving the quality of skin by stimulating the synthesis of collagen.
Systematic treatments are a recommended alternative to other acne treatments when the acne is severe. They might also be used in the case of mild acne when topical acne treatments are not sufficient to treat the condition. These medications are prescription only and can be taken orally or through injections in combination with other topical acne treatments like;
- Oral antibiotics – erythromycin, tetracycline, minocycline, and doxycycline.
- Hormonal treatments – birth control pills, spironolactone, isotretinoin – available under brand names of Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret (formerly Accutane).