One of the most common and chronic skin conditions is Acne. It leads to the formation of spots, lesions and oily skin. The primary targets of this disease are face, shoulders, chest and back.
Acne is mainly caused when the hair follicles and pores are clogged with oil, dust, and dead skin cells. This results in the appearance of black heads and white heads which are often filled with pus, are deep and inflamed. It leads to the formation of bumps, uneven skin and pimples which slowly heal but as one goes away others crop up. It often form cysts and leave scars on the skin.
Acne is most often associated with adolescents and teenagers but it is not an age-specific disease and can start at any stage in life. The term used for the common acne is Acne Vulgaris.

Causes of Acne

Acne is an extremely distressing and emotionally disturbing problem especially in adolescents.

Genetic causes:

There are numerous causes of acne which are not essentially associated with bad hygienic habits or related to poor diet. Acne can be a genetically inherited disease.

Hormonal stimulation:

In both men and women, the cause of acne can be a stimulation of hormones like testerone which is likely to increase the production of sebum from the sebaceous glands that exist in the tiny hair follicles. This makes skin oily and greasy leading towards the formation of pores and spots. The skin pores might get clogged due to dust or other factors which cause infection and inflammation in pores which results in formation of red, swollen bump filled with pus.

Hormonal imbalance in women:

It is not always caused by high levels of testerone. In women, changing menstrual cycles and pregnancy can also cause imbalance in hormones leading to acne.


There are some studies which indicate that certain form of diets can also contribute towards the spread of acne such as carbohydrates rich and greasy foods.


It can worsen the existing acne.

Other causes of acne:

Some other causes which trigger acne can be;

  • Use of certain cosmetic products
  • Use of certain medications and drugs
  • Smoking

Possible Symptoms of Acne

Not just the appearance of pimples is the sign of acne. There are several other symptoms and signs which indicate the appearance of acne like:

  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Pimple ( pustules filled with pus)
  • Nodules (large, painful and solid lumps formed underneath the skin surface)
  • Cysts
  • Cystic lesions
  • Redness and inflammation in the skin eruptions
  • Skin bumps crusting

Common Areas of Acne Development

The common areas where acne often develops are;

  • Face – it is present in almost every acne patient.
  • Back- it affects almost 50% of the acne patients.

Chest- it is experienced by 1 in every 6 acne patients.

What are the different types of acne?

Acne is categorised into two different types;

Inflamed acne:

The causes of this type of acne are swelling, redness and inflammation alongwith formation of microcomedones, milia , blackheads, papules and pustules. Cysts and nodules might also appear. The intensity of this type of acne varies. Its most severe form is cystic acne.

Non-Inflamed Acne:

Microcomedone, milia, blackheads, and skin bumpiness are a part of this type of acne. It does not cause redness and inflammation but if left untreated it can lead to flamed acne.

Conditions Related to Acne- Pigmentation and Scarring

There might be a sort of pigmentation, skin discolouration and scarring in acne patients on the skin. Other conditions related to it might include appearance of red spots and discolouration after healing which persists.

CosmeDocs Acne Treatment Services

The earlier you seek acne treatment, the better. It’s not advisable that you leave the acne untreated for long period of time. The skin therapists at CosmeDocs offer a strong and individually designed medical acne treatment regimen which is based on the specifications of individual’s skin type.

We prescribe an acne treatment which is based on the requirements of individual conditions and types of acne. We offer following acne treatment options at CosmeDocs to control and heal acne;

CosmeDocs Skin Peels for Acne Treatment

CosmeDocs has a team of expert and experienced skin therapists who have complete knowledge, experience and are trained to administer the skin peels for acne treatment in accordance with the type of skin and acne. They tailor acne treatment with skin peels according to the stage of acne and severity of the condition which gives outstanding results. We have a bespoke set of salicylic acid peels by Harley Street Formulations combined with multiple pigment lighteners which dramatically improve acne & clear residues left by acne.

Skin peels

We offer several skin peels for treating different skin conditions and for the care of your skin. Some of the skin peels we offer are specifically designed for acne treatment. These acne treatments give highly effective results for controlling acne with no to few days down time.
  • Comedo extractions: these acne treatment peels comprise of gentle coaxing plugs of sebum and cellular debris from the pore. This removes the blackheads, milia and softly closed comedones which cause a decrease in the number of acne breakouts.
  • Light chemical peels: these acne treatment peels does not peel of the skin instead they gently exfoliate the skin by making use of alpha-hydroxy, beta-hydroxy (salicylic), glycolic acids or TCAs. This acne treatment cures acne by removing the dead skin cells and cleaning the skin pores from dirt.
  • Glycolic Peels: this acne treatment works by reducing the comedones, by restoring the outflow from the follicles tip and by removing the anaerobic content which stops the reproduction of acne.
  • Lactic Acid, Salicyclic Acid & & Resourcinol / Jessner's Peel & Harley Street Formulations Peel: this acne treatment is formed by the combination of medium depth skin peels which give more effective results as compared to separate salicyclic or glycolic acid peels.

CosmeDocs Skin Peels for Acne Treatment

CosmeDocs has a team of expert and experienced skin therapists who have complete knowledge, experience and are trained to administer the skin peels for acne treatment in accordance with the type of skin and acne. They tailor acne treatment with skin peels according to the stage of acne and severity of the condition which gives outstanding results. We have a bespoke set of salicylic acid peels by Harley Street Formulations combined with multiple pigment lighteners which dramatically improve acne & clear residues left by acne.


Microdermabrasion for acne treatment involves the use of a special device which emits super-fine crystals on the surface of the skin which removes the dead skin cells. It is most suitable acne treatment for patients having non-inflamed acne.


This acne treatment kills the bacteria which cause acne, reduce skin inflammation and shrink the sebaceous glands. The acne treatment options available for photo therapy include red light, blue light and photodynamic therapy.

Corticosteroid injections

These acne treatment injections are used for the treatment of cysts which reduce inflammation, the possibility of scarring and they speed up the healing process of lesions. – We do not perform this treatment at CosmeDocs as largely other methods have superseded this method.

Fractora & eDermastamp Treatment

Fractora & eDerma stamp are the most advanced and latest treatments which improve the scarring left by acne.

Fractora is the highly advanced Radio Frequency Treatment which helps in improving the skin tone and its texture. It helps in significantly reducing acne scars which discolours the skin. It gives a more radiant and rejuvenated skin through ablation and resurfacing of skin. Fractora is combined with eDermastamp to give brilliant results by significantly improving acne scarring and pigmentation and improving the quality of skin by stimulating the synthesis of collagen.

Systematic treatments

Systematic treatments are a recommended alternative to other acne treatments when the acne is severe. They might also be used in the case of mild acne when topical acne treatments are not sufficient to treat the condition. These medications are prescription only and can be taken orally or through injections in combination with other topical acne treatments like;

  • Oral antibiotics – erythromycin, tetracycline, minocycline, and doxycycline.
  • Hormonal treatments – birth control pills, spironolactone, isotretinoin – available under brand names of Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret (formerly Accutane).

There are variations in side effects of acne treatments which depend on the type of treatment you are choosing. The most common side effects which results from the use of topical acne treatments might include skin dryness, irritation, itching or burning but they are just temporary and resolves in few days.

The side effects of oral acne medication can be severe. The antibiotics can cause upset stomach or dizziness.

The prices and cost of acne treatments depends on the type of treatment recommended for your skin and acne type. It can vary depending on the treatment, combination of treatments and the number of treatments required for your acne control and cure.

What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition in which the skin starts developing pus filled pimples. Our skin has pores which produce sebum. When too much sebum oil is produced by the skin, the pores get congested due to penetration of a mixture of oil, dirt and dead skin cells. This blockage leads to the formation of acne causing bacteria and outbreak of acne, as a result.

What are the causes of acne?

There is no specific cause known for acne. There are many possibilities which can cause acne like hormonal imbalance, genetic factors, diet, deficiency of vitamins and stress.

Does stress cause acne?

Though it is not exactly known that stress causes acne but it definitely aggravate the problem of existing acne. So it is very important to manage your stress if you have acne.

Does alcohol and smoking cause acne?

Both, smoking and alcohol are not a direct cause of acne but they can be a contributing factor in worsening the condition of acne because both are known to cause many different diseases so they might affect acne, as well.

When should I consult doctor for acne treatment?

As early as possible! The earlier you will control the problem of acne, the better it will be.

Which is the best treatment for treating my acne?

It depends on the type of your acne and how severe it is. You can have an initial consultation with our experienced and professional dermatologist who will thoroughly check and assess the type of your acne and will recommend a suitable and individually tailored treatment plan for you.

Do all the acne treatments give same results?

The results of the treatment depend on the type and severity of your acne condition. However, our acne treatments are designed to give you best possible results in fewer sessions.

What is the difference between black heads and white heads?

Black heads are the open pores that are filled with oil, debris and dead skin cells causing blockage in the pores. These are also called open comedos. White heads are also called closed comedos. This is a less severe form of acne. Both can be easily treated by use of cleansers and topical acne treatments.

What is the cost of acne treatment?

The cost of acne treatment varies from treatment to treatment. You can ask the consultant in your initial consultation about the cost of your acne treatment.